AMME: IPAM mapping project
Adaptation Metrics Mapping and Evaluation (AMME)
A Cross-Committee Inaugural Project for IPAM
Authors: IPAM Steering Committee
The understanding of adaptation metrics under the UNFCCC has evolved over the last twenty years, from measuring the degree of vulnerability of countries to monitoring and evaluating adaptation at the project, sectoral and subsequently national and regional levels, to more recently reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support, as well as the collective progress made in achieving the global goal on adaptation as established in the 2015 Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement has established a qualitative global goal on adaptation and does neither include any adaptation metrics nor request their development. However, the Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of monitoring, evaluation and learning of adaptation (Article 7), and established the transparency framework to track progress made in implementing NDCs and provide information related to climate change impacts and adaptation (Article 13).
Assessing global adaptation progress requires frameworks and metrics that are applicable across countries and sectors, and over time. In opposite to mitigation (measured in terms of CO2 reduction/sequestration), there is unfortunately no simple, unique and universal adaptation metrics than can be used over economic sectors (agriculture, water, energy, etc.), given the complexity of adaptation processes and the particularity of adaptation at various temporal, spatial, economic, social and cultural scales, but also the diversity of resources, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity. The 2017 Adaptation Gap Report highlights six key criteria for country-level, globally comparable indicators of adaptation progress (Table 1), that should be tailored enough to be easily aggregated globally, but at the same time should be sensitive to the country's circumstances, given the context-specific nature of adaptation.
Table 1: Criteria for country-level, globally comparable indicators of adaptation (Adaptation Gap Report, 2017).
Identifying and deploying appropriate adaptation metrics is a considerable challenge, a challenge that holds back robust project monitoring and evaluation, learning, project finance, policymaking, and improving adaptation techniques and projects. The proposed “mapping and evaluation” project aims to support practitioners, funders, policymakers and the research community to identify, deploy and build on existing and emerging adaptation metrics.
Project activities include:
- Exploring the definitions of adaptation metrics,
- Considering the metrics’ user purposes for and standards required.
- Surveying alternative metrics and positioning/evaluating them regarding their purpose, ease of use, etc. - from the perspective of the end-user.
- Defining the tools and techniques required of the metrics creator and user. These include physical tools, approaches from the physical sciences and engineering, and methods that span the social sciences including approaches to improve future anticipations.
The mapping project shall allow the monitoring, mapping, and evaluation and modelling of existing adaptation metrics to climate change, based on a strong “user need” framework. Surveys of representative users (and important categories of potential users) will inform the evaluation framework for the project. These surveys will be able to provide important insights for the project’s conceptual and operational framework. Key users will be identified using the snow-ball approach, having previously defined key categories of users. This IPAM project is open for contributions. If you are interested, please, contact us .